Ah, the holiday season—perfect for family, food, and most of all, dangerous roads. While driving in the winter, it’s not very fun to be sliding all over the road, not being able to see, or even having your car breakdown. Winter in Illinois means harsh conditions on the road such as ice, snow, salt and many more hazards. Making sure your car is prepared will help you stay safe and comfortable driving.
Tip No. 1: DON’T FORGET TO CHECK YOUR TIRES.
Make sure your car’s tires are set to the proper PSI (pressure per square inch). The proper air pressure will be found in the door jam.
Check the tire for proper tread depth—to do that, or to see if its too low, take a penny and put Abe Lincoln’s head between the tread. You should not be able to see the top of his head.
Tip No. 2: THINGS TO KEEP IN YOUR CAR.
The most important item to keep in your car is an extra pair of warm clothes in case of an emergency. Keep bottled water and dry food, too – sometimes, you really don’t know what hazards you will come across on the road. An ice scraper is very effective in the morning and after a snowfall. Make sure to always keep at least a quarter tank of fuel in case you get stranded.
Tip No. 3: ENGINE MAINTENANCE.
Keep up to date with oil changes and watch oil levels, coolant levels, and windshield washer fluid levels.
Extra helpful tips:
Use kitty litter to gain more traction under a spinning tire. Have a towing company contact ready for emergencies. Know where the nearest quick lube shop or dealership is in case you need extra air, oil, coolant, or washer fulid.
If you have any additional questions or concerns, don’t be afraid to go to Mr. Don Vath or Mr. William Loftus in the Oswego High School auto shop. And above all, remember to always buckle up and drive with caution.
Apple Inc. was started in just a garage by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne. This is where the very first Apple inventions were made, and where the company got its name out.
Apple has as of recently has stopped with large innovative in technologies. The Samsung Galaxy S8 sold more than the iPhone 8 or iPhone X. They seem to be lagging behind nowadays, since there is only so much that can be added to a phone or computer before it becomes redundant. Before 2015, Apple reigned supreme in the phone industry. Business was booming, and the company created some of the most amazing pieces of technology the world has ever seen. Since then, Apple has been pumping out a variety of products – both resulting in failures and large successes. In order to understand the evolution of Apple, one must start at the very beginning.
These were the starting years for Apple. Three kids in a garage, making computers, trying to get their name out into the world.
Apple’s first invention, hand-built by Steve Wozniak, was completely made out of wood. To pay for the creation of the Apple I, Steve Jobs had to sell his Volkswagen Microbus and Steve Wozniak had to give up his HP-50 calculator. Collectively, they got roughly $1000, finally having enough to create the Apple I in April of 1976. This was just a prototype and it looked like a simple typewriter.
This was one of the first highly successful microcomputers. Released in June 1977, the Apple II was absolutely revolutionary. The Apple II was the first computer to display colors, resulting in the original Apple logo to be rainbow. Since it was the first computer marketed towards household families instead of businessmen, the company was gifted with sudden success.
With how fast technological advancements are made in today’s world, we are used to a version of a device released every year. Yet in June 1979, the Apple II Plus was the first computer that was the same technology released before it, with just some updated hardware. The Apple II started the large trend. This was also the first Apple product to be shipped to European and Japanese markets.
During the ’80s, Apple branched out – instead of making just computers, they started making printers, modems, displays, and drives… all of which failed. This was in comparison to their flagships, such as the Macintosh. During this time, Apple still was not for the average consumer – mainly because of the expensive prices of their computers.
Unlike the Apple II, the Apple III was a more business-oriented computer – and a complete commercial failure. The original computer was set to release in May 1980, but because of extreme issues with the stability of the computer, the release date got pushed back into the second half of 1981. It was marketed as a more advanced Apple II, even though the Apple II was made for the average american household.
This Apple computer re-release upgraded the Apple II by taking all of the old upgrades and add-ons and building them into the machine. This was the last surviving unit of the Apple II line, and it is the longest surviving computer in Apple history. This computer sold for 11 years with small changes to the computer at that time.
Apple III Plus
The Apple III was discontinued in 1983, due to it violating FCC regulations. The FCC told Apple they needed to change the device to fit the radio frequency interference qualifications for business equipment and that is exactly what they did. The Apple III Plus included a built-in clock, video interlacing, standardized rear port connectors, 55-watt power supply, 256 KiB RAM as standard, and a redesigned, IIe-like keyboard. This completely changed up the game from the failure that was the Apple III. This was the start of the real boom for Apple, surely making its mark to the public.
The original Macintosh was a behemoth of a computer, with a 9-inch thick case and a handle on the top of it, so it could be held like a briefcase. This computer was introduced with a famous price of 370,000 USD (Almost 900,000 dollars in 2019), but at the time of release in 1984, it was 2,500 dollars USD. Unlike the Apple I and Apple II, the Macintosh had a mouse and keyboard that wasn’t built into the computer. The Apple I and II had a smaller screen with a larger base and the Macintosh had a larger screen that took up a majority of the system with a smaller base
This computer was the first Macintosh to have a colored display. It was introduced with a price of 5,500 USD (12,000 USD in 2019). A year and a half after the launch of the Macintosh II, an upgraded computer called the Macintosh IIx was released. It had an upgraded CPU, and the price was raised to 7,000 USD (16,000 USD in 2019). These re-releases kept coming out as sales numbers dropped. The Macintosh IIxc and Macintosh IIfx were created with little to no improvement to the previous piece of hardware. The Macintosh IIxc was even a smaller, more compact version of the Macintosh II – and it didn’t have as much hardware in it, with the same price tag.
The ‘90s were a time where Apple was on top of their game. They were creating new innovations left and right. This was when Apple put their name on the map for the basic consumer market since their computers were slowly lowering in price.
This was shipped along with the Macintosh Classic and was roughly the same as the Macintosh II for half of the price. This mainly started the push by Apple to have computers cheap enough to be sold to school boards. This computer was such a success, that Apple dropped their Macintosh II line of computers to completely focus on the Macintosh LC line in 1990.
This was a re-release of the original Macintosh, but it was less than 1,000 USD. It was mainly used in schools, due to how cheap the computer was compared to everything that Apple had created prior. This system was exactly like the original Macintosh. Apple decided not to change anything about the Macintosh Classic, which was criticized.
The Macintosh IIsi was marketed as a low-cost alternative to a Macintosh II, even though it was still 3,000 USD. It out-performed the LC model, and also supported expandability. The IIsi was just like the LC – it had built in sound, a color display, and a screen resolution of 640×480 in 8-bit color.
This was the first battery-powered Macintosh and was revolutionary until it ultimately failed due to the 7,000 USD price tag (15,000 USD in 2019). On the other hand, the Portable had a hinge, which made it possible to fold the screen down and carry it like a suitcase. This line of computers would eventually be rebranded as the Powerbook.
Macintosh Classic II
Just like the Classic I, it had a relatively cheap price compared to the other models of only 2,000 USD (3,500 USD in 2019). The Classic II was the last computer made by Apple to support floppy disks.
All three of these PowerBooks were released simultaneously, were all more expensive than the previous one. Sony added a helping hand in making the PowerBook, and they designed and manufactured the Powerbook 100.
This computer showed to be two times better in every area compared to the LC II. It was 700 USD cheaper than the LC II. The only difference between the Macintosh III and the III + was that the III had a 25 MHz CPU while the III+ had a 33 MHz CPU. This was the cheapest Macintosh that Apple had ever made up to this point at about 1,350 USD (2,350 USD in 2019).
The LC 520, 550, 570, and 580 were all small upgrades to the last one in the series. The LC 500 Series was a line of Macintosh computers that were very bulky but were cheaper than the compact Macintosh models. The LC 500 series was originally only sold in Japan, Canada, and to US schools.
Twentieth Anniversary Macintosh[/caption] This computer marked Apple’s 20th birthday in 1979. It had been 20 years since Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne came together to create Apple Computer Inc. The price of this system was 7,500 USD (12,000 USD in 2019). That price made it exclusively for collectors or executives. There was absolutely no difference to the software
Apple wanted to get closer to removing redundancy, which is what they did with the G3. They took the eight previous power models and put them all into three different models. This was the start of Apple selling build-to-order G3’s straight from their website. The only people doing this at the time was Dell.
This was the first Macintosh computer to rebrand itself as “iMac”. At this point in time, Apple was in complete financial ruin and needed something to turn that all around. The iMac G3 is what changed everything for Apple .It was the highest selling Apple product at the time and put Apple in a place where a lot of people started recognizing their name. It was criticized for abandoning floppy disks and integrating USB into the hardware.
This was the first mass-consumer laptop to offer WiFi connectivity. The iBook was extremely popular in education systems due to the cost and WiFi capabilities. Apple later turned the iBook line into the MacBook line.
The roaring 2000s were an amazing time for Apple. Every single year, it seemed like there was at least one product that gets released that was a commercial success. At this point, Apple completely shifted to making products that everyday consumers could afford.
There were six generations of the iPod Classic, and all that was changed from each model was the storage capacity. The iPod Classics lifespan, before it got discontinued, was almost 13 years. The iPod paved the way for future portable media players. This was the first iPod and the first device that was about to hold music on it without a CD or a cassette
While it was being produced, the iPod Mini was the best selling device on the market. They were usually out of stock due to large public demand. It had a touch-sensitive scroll wheel and could hold up to 20,000 songs. The iPod Mini had a four button click wheel where you could go to the menu screen, play/pause, skip forward, and skip backward. The iPod Mini was eventually replaced with the iPod Nano.
This was the first Apple desktop to ship without a monitor since 1988. Apple marketed this tiny silver block loaded with Mac OS as “Bring your own Display, Keyboard, and Mouse” in attempts to take people away from Windows PCs. The Mac Mini was a silver box that you plugged into any monitor through HDMI. This made it possible to get the Mac OS on any monitor even if it wasn’t an Apple monitor.
This was the replacement for the PowerBook, a thin laptop that was also high powered. As of writing, Apple is still making the MacBook Pro. The first generation had very sharp edges to it, and it was shaped more like a box, while later generations of the MacBook Pro were rounded and thinner.
This was one of the first touch screen phones, abandoning the typical buttons of past Apple devices. Most of the features are considered obsolete now, but at the time the features of this phone were like something the world has never seen in something like this. This included extremely fast cellular connectivity and fast data transfer.
The iPod Touch was an iPhone, but without the phone part. It still had a touch screen and was made for people who didn’t need to call or text. Still, one could download apps that enabled those features. By 2007, 100 million units had been sold.
With the death of Steve Jobs in 2011, the company had to figure out how it was going to recover. Tim Cook took over for Jobs, and as time went on, prices for each device slowly got more expensive.
This was the first line of tablets made by Apple. The initial run of this device didn’t support WiFi connectivity, but a few months after, a new model was released that could. Even though it wasn’t supposed to be, the iPad was compared to laptops and was a large competitor for them.
This was the beginning of Apple releasing a sequence of phones at the same time, with slightly different features. At the time, this was the thinnest phone in the world. This phone started the race to create the slimmest phone, which is still going on today. These phones were sleek in their design, and comfortably fit is almost anyone’s hand.
This series of phones replaced the iPhone 5 as the flagship phone for Apple. These phones had updated CPUs, upgraded cameras, and improved LTE and WiFi capabilities. More than 10 million units were sold in the first three days. Even though they had extremely positive reviews, there was a lot of problem with the 6 Series. These phones had a tendency to bend in a person’s pocket, or the phone’s touchscreen would disconnect from the logic board and stop working.
This watch incorporated health tracking along with integration to IOS. The Apple Watch relies on connectivity to an iPhone to perform calling or texting. They did provide limited connectivity ability while away from your phone.
The phone was absurdly similar to the previous iPhones, aside from the glass back. Notable changes with these phones include its wireless charging, an extremely faster processor, and a slowly improving camera (as always).
Apple completely skipped over the iPhone 9 and went to the iPhone X to celebrate ten years of iPhones. Apple started another trend with this phone, trying to get rid of the “notch” on the top of the phone as much as possible. Apple considers some of the technology in this phone as being tech of the future. The screen on the phone is an OLED and the original model started at 1000 USD. OLEDs are very thin flexible sheets of material that produce light. They’re brighter and more efficient than normal LEDs
Apple’s rich history has been a rollercoaster of glory days and unprecedented failures. As of recent years, Apple has fallen behind in innovation. After a certain period of time, there isn’t much more that can be added to a phone that is something new, before one goes back to being redundant. When Steve Jobs was alive, the company was about creating something for the consumer. Now, it seems like the company is down a path where they’re trying to create something new, but there isn’t much more that can be created. Even then, modern technology is being created at a rapid rate, and we can’t wait to see where the next lines will take Apple as Silicon Valley continues to compete ruthlessly.
Internet Challenges are a recent trend that teens have taken on to gain the approval of others. It usually starts out with a video being posted on a social media platform, which people then strive to imitate.
“Internet challenges deal with society wanting to fit in, and have that concept of doing what everyone else is doing,” sophomore Seth Fetro said. Junior Londen Batts thinks that fame and money have something to do with it as well.
“ Kids want to go viral, around these past two years kids want to gain fame really fast,” Batts said. “It usually is because they want to get money.”
Yet these challenges aren’t all safe and sound.
In this past year, the infamous song “In My Feelings” by Drake has caused kids to jump out of moving cars and proceed to do a rehearsed dance routine. It all started with a teen named Shiggy, who filmed a video of himself dancing to the beat of the song. It caused a global sensation, which soon led to more dangerous stunts.
In other countries like Egypt and Abu Duni, you could gain a fine of $167 and get up to a year in prison for attempting the challenge, according to DJX. They decided to institute these fines in their countries due to the amount of kids who got hurt and broke the rules of the road.
Though the “In My Feelings” Challenge is more recent, older challenges like the Carolina Reaper Challenge have resulted in serious medical consequences for some participants. This challenge involves trying to consume the world’s hottest pepper. According to The Guardian, an unnamed man participated in the Carolina Reaper Challenge and soon experienced terrible aftermath. He dry-heaved, got thunderclap headaches and had trouble breathing.
Teen Vogue also reported that two friends, Lizzy Wurst and Sabrina Nicole, faced medical consequences after creating a viral video for the challenge. After eating the peppers, both Wurst and Nicole had tears in their eyes and were screaming in pain. Nicole had to use her inhaler almost immediately.
There are both pros and cons to taking part in an internet challenge. While it may be fun and a way to gain a celebrity profile, some challenges can go too far and can end up deadly.
The illusion of security is all around us and affects everyone, no matter who you are—from TSA screenings, to the password on your Twitter account. These defense measures are presented as safe and secure but in reality, the security around them is very fragile, or in some cases, non-existent. We put complete trust into the systems in place, even though we don’t really know much about the detailed problems they can entail. Here are four misconceptions about everyday safeguards that are more flawed than you may think.
1. TSA Security Checks are supposed to prevent airplane terrorism
Before Sept. 11, 2001, private companies were running Transportation Security Administration—not the government. Everything ranging from baseball bats to scissors were allowed on planes—a thought that would never come to mind in present day, since there is now an extreme amount of safety precautions. Or so we think—most of the rules set into place are not enforced, and when they are, it’s very poorly. When you’re waiting at the TSA security checkpoint at the airport, you have to take off your shoes, belts, pocketed belongings, and put any liquids (3.4 ounces and lower) in a separate bag.This seems like a lot of security for it not to work how it is supposed to. To try and show how well the TSA kept us safe, Homeland Security conducted tests in 2015 where mock weapons were put through their scanners. It didn’t go as planned, though, when 95 percent of the time the TSA failed to identify the weapons. This shows how unreliable the system could be, which is the reality as the illusion of security could cause people to let their guard down at an airport. That does not mean that people should be terrified, but that does show that they shouldn’t think that just because security is present, they’re safe.
2. Credit/Debit Card numbers are secure in banks
Credit and debit cards are a necessity used in today’s society. They are more convenient than carrying a stack of money around with you that can be easily stolen. They are seen to be one of the most secure items that a person can have. Since all of your money is stored in a card that you can keep by your side most of the time, people think that they can’t easily be broken into. In reality though, there are websites that are dedicated specifically to buying and selling credit card numbers in bulk for prices that are sky high. These websites aren’t just on the “Dark Web,” a part of the internet where people take place in highly illegal activities, as the majority of people think. It turns out, these domains can actually be accessed on a typical internet browser like Google Chrome or FireFox. The way that people get these credit card numbers is by hacking into banks that have very low security systems. These websites carry anywhere from 150,000 to 500,000 credit card numbers at any time, and about half of those are sold every week. At the moment, there has been added security to credit card with Electromagnetic Verification Chips, but the hackers that have these stolen credit card numbers can easily see the security measures that are put in place that are meant to stop them and can find a way around them.
3. Signing Receipts is a sure confirmation of your identity
Normally, when you purchase something with a credit card, the cashier hands you a receipt that they ask you to sign that authorizes the purchase. Most people think that after the receipt is signed, it goes to the bank and is examined to see if the signature is real. Actually, when you sign a receipt, it doesn’t even go to the bank—even the cashier isn’t required to examine the signature! All the cashier has to do is make sure the receipt was signed, meaning anyone can use your credit card and sign a receipt to make a purchase while using their own signature. Even though they would be committing fraud, a silly receipt signature isn’t going to stop them. In cases like this, the only thing a person can do is call their bank and tell them to cancel the purchase and card. However, the person committing the fraud does not receive any sort of punishment.
4. Medicine Safety Tabs are Useless
Medicine safety tabs are those annoying pieces of plastic you have to peel off before accessing a new bottle of ibuprofen or similar medicines, and have been around since the 1980s. For most people, these tabs have always been around, so we take them off the medicine bottles immediately without thinking about why they’re there. The reason behind these plastic precautions exist is because in 1982, there were a string of murders involving a serial killer in Chicago who put cyanide in Tylenol bottles. This event caused the death of seven people, ranging from young kids to adults. This threw the medicine industry and consumers into panic. These strings of murders are the reason that most, if not all medicines, have a safety tab underneath the main cap. However, this safety tab can easily be punctured, and will not stop someone from performing a similar string of murders in today’s society. Another event that was occuring at the same time as the poisoning was unintentional overdoses off of Tylenol. The recommended dosage for children is no more than four doses per 24 hours and no more than eight doses per adult. For children, the dosage amount is only half of an adults, which caused an enormous amount of accidental overdoses due to the medicine ending up in the wrong hands at the wrong time. These overdoses are another reason medical tabs were added to bottles. This may be the only aspect that has some sort of value of safety, since any tampering would be visible.
5. The Department of Homeland Security Doesn’t Protect Us From Anything
The Department of Homeland Security is a department of the government whose purpose is keep the people of the US safe from all hazards not just terrorism. The DHS is the organization that created the TSA and the alerts that get sent to your phone if someone goes missing called “Amber Alerts”. Most of the time when an Amber Alert gets sent to our phones the basic reaction is to swipe it away like it wasn’t even there. Homeland Security will say that this system has saved hundreds of missing children, but there is heavy evidence to support the contrary. Timothy Griffin, a criminologist did a study of cases between 2003 and 2006 and his evidence showed that the Amber Alert system has done absolutely nothing in the terms of returning abducted children. According to Griffin, all Amber Alerts create is fear and public panic around an extremely rare event. There are a few cases where Amber Alerts do help save people, for example in 2002 Tamara Brooks and Jacqueline Marris were kidnapped at gunpoint and because of an Amber Alert being sent out a few hours after it was reported both of the people kidnapped were returned unharmed. Yet these situations are even more rare then an Amber Alert being issued. Most of the time if a child is abducted, they’re killed within the first three hours. A majority of these Amber Alerts are sent out during that third hour since it takes time to notice a child is missing. So in most cases Amber Alerts don’t help abducted children get back to their families if anything all they do is create mass hysteria in the public. The DHS is also responsible for creating such things as surveillance systems that are supposed to be high tech but in reality are extremely low quality, putting barricades in front of buildings to stop truck bombs, but leave the loading dock protected by a plastic gate, and putting magnetic strips in driver’s licenses or bar codes on them containing your fingerprint. All of those things do absolutely nothing but either provide an illusion of security or don’t work in the way that they are intended to. The Department of Homeland security is by far the biggest culprit in the play of “Security Theatre” because everything that they have done since they were created in 2002 has done nothing but provide to the argument that security theatre is all around us.
The illusion of security is all around us, yet just because our defense measures have flaws, it doesn’t mean that we aren’t safe. Since Nov. 11 2001, other means of keeping us secure have been added to the world. This includes the increased number of air marshals on flights, the reinforced cockpit blast doors, and spreading awareness to passengers. Your credit card number might be out on the internet, but banks have put in measures to keep your money safe and catch people who commit fraud. Even though safety tabs are easy to puncture, the areas that hold these medications are usually heavily populated with cameras so . The illusion of security causes us to lower our guard and may make us less safe, but the lower security in some areas is compensated for higher security in others.